The UN Security Council doesn’t mirror immediately’s realities, is paralysed and unable to discharge its primary operate of sustaining worldwide peace and safety when one in all its everlasting members has attacked its neighbour, UN General Assembly President Csaba Korosi has stated.
Mr. Korosi, a Hungarian diplomat presently serving as President of the 77th United Nations General Assembly, stated that there’s a push from a rising membership to reform the highly effective UN organ.
“The Security Council which has been created back then” and given the first accountability of sustaining “international peace and security and preventing wars now is paralysed,” he advised PTI forward of his go to to India.
Mr. Korosi will arrive in India on Sunday on a three-day go to on the invitation of External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar. It is his first bilateral go to to any nation since he assumed his function as President of the UN General Assembly in September 2022.
“The Security Council cannot discharge its basic function for a very simple reason. One of the permanent members of the Security Council attacked its neighbour. The Security Council should be the body to take action against the aggression. But because of the veto power, the Security Council cannot act,” he stated, in a reference to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Mr. Korosi stated this was a “very serious lesson learnt” for the longer term when speaking about tips on how to enhance functioning of world organisations.
He stated that the problem of UNSC reform is each “burning” and “compelling” for the reason that composition of the Security Council displays “the outcome of the Second World War”.
India has been on the forefront of the years-long efforts to reform the Security Council, saying it rightly deserved a spot as a everlasting member within the United Nations.
Currently, the UNSC has 5 everlasting members – China, France, Russia, the UK and the US. Only a everlasting member has the facility to veto any substantive decision.
In the 77-year-old historical past of the UN, the composition of the Security Council has been altered solely as soon as – in 1963 when the General Assembly determined to increase the Council from 11 to fifteen members, with the addition of 4 non-permanent seats.
“Since then, the world has changed. The geopolitical relations in the world altered, the economic responsibilities in the world in some countries, including in India, including some other very strongly developing countries, actually changed,” Mr. Korosi stated.
“So, the composition of the Security Council does not reflect today’s realities,” he stated including that to not point out “a whole continent with 50 plus countries, Africa,” is just not in (the Council) when it comes to everlasting members.
In response to a query on whether or not he has hope for any ahead motion within the long-pending UNSC reform, Mr. Korosi replied within the affirmative.
“Yes, I do have hope,” he said, noting that reform of the United Nations entails several areas and Security Council is “a very important” part of it.
Mr. Korosi stressed the reason for hope of the UNSC reforms is that the issue has been on the agenda for decades and negotiations have been going on for several years.
“But this particular issue, the urgency and concrete steps to be achieved in the reform of Security Council” has been mentioned and urged for by over 70 leaders of the world during the high-level UN General Assembly session last September.
“More than one-third of the UN membership directly addressed this question. So, there’s very clearly a push (from) the membership. I do have hopes,” he said.
Mr. Korosi has previously noted that during the high-level week in September 2022, one-third of world leaders underscored the urgent need to reform the Council – more than double the number in 2021.
Mr. Korosi has appointed Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations Michal Mlynar and Permanent Representative of the State of Kuwait Tareq M.A.M. Albanai as co-chairs of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on UNSC reform.
He said he has asked them to do their best to try and convince the UN membership that it is their responsibility and a membership-driven process to achieve UNSC reforms.
“But if they really want to achieve results, they may think in little bit different terms, in terms of whether or not they could make compromises, negotiations. If they don’t do that, the chances will be very small. But I do have hopes,” he said.
Mr. Korosi said nations around the world would like to see the United Nations, an organisation they finance, cater to their needs, help them navigate the multifold crises, ease conflicts in the world, and bring wars to an end.
“If this organisation fails because of the Security Council, because of any other part, the whole organisation fails,” he said, adding that the credibility of the UN is at stake.
Last week, the G4 countries of India, Brazil, Japan and Germany told a meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council reform that “now we have been assembly on this casual format for 15 years now, with nothing concrete to point out for our efforts.” “We do not even have a zero-draft consolidating the attributed positions of interested stakeholders, to base our discussions on. We do not have a single factual account or record of the IGN proceedings,” they stated.
The G4 has stated that enlargement in each everlasting and non-permanent classes of UNSC membership is “by far the one that garners the most support from Member States and is the only way to make the Council more representative, effective, transparent and legitimate.”
Mr. Korosi’s go to coincides with the anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination on January 31, noticed as Martyrs’ Day.
Mr. Korosi will lay a wreath at Raj Ghat to mark the anniversary of Gandhi’s dying. Mr. Jaishankar, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and Korosi collectively unveiled the bust of Gandhi on the expansive North Lawns within the UN headquarters final month.
Mr. Korosi stated he will likely be “very proud” to have the ability to lay a wreath on the Raj Ghat.
He described Gandhi as “one of my prophets” when it comes to political philosophy, options by peace, traditions, cooperation and constructing on cultural values.
These are the problems he supplied to the worldwide neighborhood and “these values are still ours, and they’re still very valid,” Mr. Korosi stated.